Syria Kurdish fighters seize border post from Islamists

Syria Kurdish fighters seize border post from Islamists


The Yarubiya border crossing between Syria and Iraq, close to the northern Iraqi city of Mosul (23 July 2012)
The Yarubiya border post is one of the main crossings between Syria and Iraq

Syrian Kurds capture border crossing with Iraq after intense fighting

Militiamen capture Yaaroubiyeh post in north-east Syria after three days of clashes with several jihadist groups

  •            Sunday 27 October 2013 00.16 BST
Syrian YPG fighters at the frontline

A Kurdish fighter in north-east Syria. Photograph: Mauricio Morales/EPA

Syrian Kurdish gunmen on Saturday seized a major border crossing with Iraq from al-Qaida-linked groups following intense infighting between rebel groups that raised concerns of a spillover, activists and an Iraqi official said.

The latest violence coincided with a visit by the UN-Arab League envoy to Iran, a staunch ally of President Bashar al-Assad’s government, to press efforts for international peace talks aimed at ending the civil war, now in its third year.

The Kurdish militiamen captured the Yaaroubiyeh post in north-east Syria after three days of clashes with several jihadist groups there, including Jabhat al-Nusra and the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.

An Iraqi intelligence official confirmed that Kurdish rebels now held the crossing point – one of two main crossings with Iraq – adding that Baghdad brought reinforcements to the area to prevent any spillover of violence.

“They were heavy battles in which all types of weapons were used,” said the Iraqi official, who spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations. “Iraqi forces are ready to repel any attack.”

Kurdish groups control a large swath of northern Syria, and they are suspicious of Islamic groups who have moved into predominantly Kurdish areas in the chaos of the civil war. Clashes between their fighters and jihadists in northern and north-eastern areas of Syria have killed hundreds of people in the past months.

The border crossing point was under government control until March when hard-line rebels captured it. Syrian rebels, particularly the hard-line groups, are believed to draw support from insurgents in Iraq. Sunni Arabs dominate both the Syrian rebel movement and the Iraqi insurgency.

The Syrian conflict, which began as a largely peaceful uprising against Assad in March 2011, has triggered a humanitarian crisis on a massive scale, killing more than 100,000 people, driving nearly 7 million more from their homes and devastating the nation’s cities and towns.

The US, the United Nations and Russia are pushing for an international peace conference to be held in Geneva next month, bringing together the warring sides. But no final date for the conference has been set and it is unclear whether the sides can reach an agreement on the agenda.

Loay al-Mikdad, a spokesman for the rebel Free Syrian Army, said on Saturday he expected the conference to be postponed. Members of the FSA command met on Thursday with the UN-Arab League Special Envoy for Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, who travelled on Saturday to Tehran.

“As a result of the discussions, we felt that there is an international direction toward postponing the conference for some time,” al-Mikdad said. Arab League officials said earlier this month that the conference would be held 23-24 November.

Brahimi, at a joint press conference with Iran’s foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, said Iran’s participation in such a conference is “necessary”. Zarif said Iran would participate if it is invited.

Syrian rebels, meanwhile, denied government media reports that the head of the Nusra Front had been killed.

Friday’s one-line state media report, which could not be independently confirmed, said Abu Mohammad al-Golani died in the coastal province of Latakia. But rebels said they had received no word of clashes in that province.

If government reports on the death of al-Golani are correct, then the capture of the Yaarobiyeh post would be the second setback for al-Nusra and its allies in recent days.

Al-Mikdad said Syrian rebels did not report any recent clash in Latakia province. He says his group is unsure if al-Golani even exists.

“This is part of the regime’s lies. Our information from the ground says that this is not true and not accurate,” al-Mikdad said by telephone.

The Nusra Front has emerged as one of the most effective among rebel groups fighting Assad, and it has claimed responsibility for numerous suicide bombings against government targets. The US state department put the group on its list of terrorist organisations for its connections to al-Qaida.

In Daraa province in the south of the country, rebels captured the town of Tafas after weeks of fighting that left scores of people dead, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said. Syrian state media did not report on the battle.

Also on Saturday, the Observatory reported that three more women detainees were being released. They included Tal al-Mallohi, a prominent young Syrian blogger convicted of spying for a foreign country and whose prison sentence ended two months ago.

The release would bring to 64 the number of female detainees recently freed by Syrian authorities. It is likely part of a complicated, three-way hostage swap last week brokered by Qatar and the Palestinian Authority during which Syrian rebels freed nine Lebanese Shiite Muslims while Lebanese gunmen released two Turkish pilots.

The Syrian government has not commented on the swap or the prisoner releases.

Map showing the Kurdish inhabited areas on the borders of Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Armenia.
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