‘British whites’ are the minority in London for the first time


‘British whites’ are the minority in London for the first time as census  shows number of UK immigrants has jumped by 3million in 10 years

  • Just 44.9% of Londoners  are White British, according to census data
  • 7.5million  residents of England and Wales were foreign-born in 2011
  • Census data  reveal just 59% now call themselves Christian as a quarter say they have no  religion and 5% are Muslim
  • Less than  90% of country is white for the first time ever
  • Home  ownership declines but more people have paid off their  mortgages
  • Marriage  rate dips to record low as fewer than half are  hitched

By Hugo Gye

White British people are now in a minority in  London for the first time, it emerged today as census data revealed that the  immigrant population of England and Wales went up by 3million over the past  decade.

Just 3.7million Londoners described their  ethnicity as ‘White British’ in 2011 – down from 4.3million in 2001, and making  up 44.9 per cent of the city’s population.

It is believed to be the first time that  British whites have become a minority in any region of the UK.

Another major change to the nation came in  the decreasing number of Christians – 4million fewer people claimed to belong to  the faith as a quarter of Britons said they had no religion.

Foreign-born: This map shows the areas of England and Wales with the most immigrants (shown lighter) and the least (shown darker)Foreign-born: This map shows the number of British-born  people living in England. Darker areas indicate a higher number of British-born  individuals living in an area, while lighter areas have a higher number of  foreign-born residents. The figures – the ranges of which are found in the  bottom left-hand corner – are taken from the 2011 census, conducted by the  Office for National Statistics

 

In 2011, 7.5million residents were  foreign-born, making up 13 per cent, or one in eight of the population – up from  4.6million people in 2001.

The total population of England and Wales was  56.1million, a seven per cent increase on 2001 – and 55 per cent of the increase  is due to migration.

There were 33.2million people  claiming to be  Christian, down from 37.3million in 2001 and making up  just 59 per cent of the  population.

25.1 per cent of people said they had no  faith, up from 14.8 per cent a decade earlier, while the proportion of Muslims  rose from 3.0 per cent to 4.8 per cent.

LONDON’S ETHNIC MAKEUP

White British: 44.9%

Other white: 14.9%

Asian: 18.4%

Black: 13.3%

Arab: 1.3%

Mixed race: 5%

The third most popular religion was Hinduism,  with 1.5 per cent of the population, while 0.8 per cent were Sikhs and 0.5 per  cent Jewish.

Nearly 180,000 claimed to be followers of the  Jedi religion featured in Star Wars – down from 2001, when around 400,000  jokingly put the faith down on their census form.

The statistics emerged as the Archbishop of  Canterbury claimed that English cathedral congregations had grown dramatically  in recent years, debunking the ‘cliché’ that the Church of England is fading  away.

Andrew Copson, chief executive of the British  Humanist Association, said the decline in religion was ‘really  significant’,  adding: ‘In spite of a biased question that positively  encourages religious  responses, to see such an increase in the  non-religious and such a decrease in  those reporting themselves as  Christian is astounding.

‘Of course these figures still exaggerate the  number of Christians overall -the number of believing, practising Christians is  much lower than this  and the number of those leading their lives with no  reference to  religion much higher.’

But Nick Spencer, research director  at  theology think-tank Theos, argued ‘Religion is difficult to define  and  difficult to measure.

‘The census measures religious  identification, not beliefs or practice. It’s about what people call  themselves, and which group they wish to identify with.

‘These figures show that we have a  plural  religious landscape, but that doesn’t mean we’re atheists.  Digging deeper, we  see that even those who say they have no religion  often have a variety of  spiritual beliefs, but they don’t want to  associate these to religious  institutions.’

Religion: This graph shows how Christianity has been in decline as every other faith grows more popularReligion: This graph shows how Christianity has been in  decline as every other faith grows more popular

 

Change: The number of 'White British' people is at an all-time low following a decade of changeChange: The number of ‘White British’ people is at an  all-time low following a decade of change

The data on religion showed considerable  national variation – Knowsley, in  Lancashire, is the most Christian town in  England with 80.9 per cent of  residents following the faith, while in London’s  Tower Hamlets 34.5 per  cent of the population are Muslims.

Norwich is the most godless place in the  country, as 42.5 per cent said they  had no religion – despite the presence of  one of England’s most  spectacular cathedrals.

Britain’s increasing diversity was  emphasised by the data released by the Office of National Statistics, as it  emerged that the proportion of the nation that is white has fallen  below 90 per  cent for the first time.

 

48.2million people described  themselves as  being white, making up 86.0 per cent of the population of  England and Wales,  down from 91.3 per cent a decade earlier.

Within this ethnic group, the ‘White British’  category was the largest at 45.1million, or 80.5 per cent of the population, a  fall compared to 87 per cent in 2001.

7.5 per cent of the population is Asian,  while 3.4 per cent described themselves as black.

Unsurprisingly, London was found to be the  most ethnically diverse region, while Wales was the least.

London is also home to the most immigrants,  as 37 per cent of its residents  were born abroad and 24 per cent are not  citizens of the UK.

One major reason for the explosion in the  foreign-born population is the accession of 12 countries in central and eastern  Europe to the EU, giving them the right to live and work in the UK – the  population of Poles in England and Wales has grown  nine-fold over the  decade.

Apart from Poland, the other leading  countries of origin for British immigrants were India, Pakistan, Ireland and  Germany.

The largest increase in ethnic group over the  last decade was seen in the  ‘White: Other’ category where an increase of  1.1million was recorded.  This reflects more than half a million Poles who  migrated into England  and Wales during these years, the ONS said.

HOW BRITAIN LOST ITS FAITH

Data from last year’s census today revealed  the stunning decline of religion in the UK – with the number of Christians  dropping by more than  4million.

Just 59.3 per cent of people in England and  Wales now describe themselves as  followers of Christianity, raising the  prospect that Christians could  soon be in the minority.

Following a decade of aggressive  anti-religious campaigning by high-profile  atheists, a quarter of Britons now  say they have no faith.

Those ticking the box for no religious  affiliation rose from 14.8 per cent in 2001 to 25.1 per cent in 2011 with the  Christian category – including  Church of England, Catholic and all other  Christian denominations –  falling from 71.7 per cent over the same period to  59.3 per cent of the  population.

In addition to the huge spike in atheists,  the proportion of Muslims has risen from 3.0 per cent to 4.8 per cent since  2001.

Around 2million respondents listed their  partners or fellow household members  as being of different ethnic groups – 47  per cent more than in 2001.

For the first time fewer of half of Britons –  46.6 per cent – are married, the data revealed, with nine per cent divorced and  seven per cent widowed.

Over a third have never married, while  105,000 people – 0.2 per cent of the population – are in a same-sex civil  partnership.

The census results reveal that the mean age  of people in England and Wales is 39.4, with 21.3 per cent of the population  under 18 and 16.6 per cent aged 65 or over.

Good news for the country came from  the data  on education, which revealed that for the first time more of us have a  bachelor’s degree or higher than have no academic qualifications – 27 to 23 per  cent.

There are also encouraging signs in  the fact  that 81 per cent of people claim to be in good or very good  health – however,  10million people say they are struggling with some  sort of disability or  long-term illness.

Multicultural: The number of immigrants in England and Wales has shot up as the proportion of the population that is white has decreased over the past decade, according to census dataMulticultural: The number of immigrants in England and  Wales has shot up as the proportion of the population that is white has  decreased over the past decade, according to census data

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2246288/Census-2011-UK-immigrant-population-jumps-THREE-MILLION-10-years.html#ixzz2LziBN3NT

H/T: https://coffeeandsleeplessnights.wordpress.com/2013/02/25/17409/

Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: